An annona for your bitcoin caput

A quick update on developments in the Craig Wright [is] or [is not] Satoshi story.

In the last 24 hours Wright has posted on his blog that extraordinary claims require extraordinary proofs and that he will provide such proof over the coming days in the form of “a transfer from an early block”. This could be the much touted miracle of the movement of the Satoshi funds we’ve all been waiting for.

At the same time Gavin Andresen, a lead developer in bitcoin, has stated that it was a “mistake” to have posted a personal blog testifying that he was “convinced beyond a reasonable doubt” of Dr Wright’s case. He told Dan Kaminsky, a noted security expert, in correspondence: Read more

Oh my! Craig Wright’s ‘Keys of Revelation’

As the clairvoyant FT Alphaville said on March 31, Australian Craig Wright has come out to claim he is Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonymous creator of Bitcoin both in a personal blog post and in media interviews with The Economist, a former newspaper, blokes’ mag GQ, and the gullible old BBC.

And he chose Monday, May 2 (a Bank holiday in the UK), to do the ‘Big Reveal’, which just happens to coincide with the first day of Consensus, a hullabaloo blockchain event in New York featuring famous self-styled bitcoin/blockchain radicals like Balaji Srinivasan of 21 Inc, Jack Markell, governor of Delaware State, and Larry Summers. (Yes, that Larry Summers.)

As the world’s media now embraces a manufactured ‘Craig Wright media storm’, we should probably add some detail on how this story has developed and we need to look at the evidence thus far presented. Read more

Blockchains and virtual bridging currencies

You may have come across this story about Barclays partnering up with a “Goldman-backed” bitcoin payments app called Circle International Financial, which uses bitcoin to transfer central bank currencies as digital money increasingly moves into mainstream finance, and thought “wow” that sounds innovative and exciting.

But is it? Is it really all that innovative?

Let’s break down some of the key claims being made. Read more

Craig Wright’s upcoming big reveal

Bitcoinland is abuzz with speculation Craig Steven Wright will out himself as Satoshi Nakamoto, the cryptocurrency’s pseudonymous creator, within the next two weeks and that he is looking for backing in his verification from some of the industry’s biggest players.

Wright, a self-declared cyber security expert who claims to hold a theology PhD, was originally identified as Satoshi in December 2015 following the publication by Wired and Gizmodo of supposedly leaked emails and documents purporting to prove Wright and a colleague, Dave Kleiman (now deceased), were the co-inventors of bitcoin. The source of the document leak was never identified. Read more

Doubts grow over Craig S. Wright’s connection to Satoshi Nakamoto

The bitcoin creation mystery continues…

But first the story so far.

After circulating in media hands for a couple of months, leaked documents and hacked emails connecting Australian Craig Steven Wright and the deceased American Dave Kleiman with the pseudonymous creator of the digital cryptocurrency bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto, were finally publicly revealed in investigative reports by Wired and Gizmodo on Wednesday. The case seemed a strong one.

But then on Thursday, Motherboard published evidence which seemingly debunked or at least questioned the veracity of the Wired/Gizmodo material. At issue was the authenticity of the PGP keys which are needed to access to Satoshi’s 1m bitcoin fortune, which has sat unmoved and unspent for years.

On Friday, meanwhile, ZDNet reported that SGI, the high performance computing firm connected to Wright’s alleged supercomputing activities, had denied any involvement with his company Cloudcroft Supercomputers.

Since being outed as Satoshi Nakamoto, Wright’s Linkedin profile — which listed significant academic accomplishments including a doctorate from unknown sources — has been deleted. Other social media presence is also quickly disappearing from the web.  Read more

So, Satoshi is an Aussie?

Wired and Gizmodo have doxxed bitcoin’s pseudonymous founder Satoshi Nakamoto as Australian “genius” Craig Steven Wright, who — from a quick gander at his online video performances — seems to be more the Simon Cowell of bitcoin than, say, a Steve Wozniak type.

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Introducing the Chinese Social Financial Network

You don’t even know what the thing is yet. How big it can get, how far it can go. This is no time to take your chips down. A million dollars isn’t cool, you know what’s cool?

A billion dollars.

And you know what’s even cooler than that? A trillion dollars via MMM, the Chinese Social Financial Network:

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If you call it a blockchain, it’s not a single-entry system

Techies look upon the financial world and find its messy structures hard to reconcile with the physical reality around them.

Which is why we’re going to propose that the blockchain fad is mostly about putting finance in terms that are understandable to techies — i.e. as something absolute — and having them learn for themselves through trial and error why that’s actually a flawed assumption in finance. Read more

If you call it a blockchain, it’s not a competent administration story anymore

Nasdaq has launched Linq, a private blockchain-powered system designed to help private companies keep track of their share ownership in a bid (we think) to make themselves more investable in private markets.

Why is this a thing? Presumably because tech start-ups can’t be trusted to hire experienced accountants or company secretaries to comptetlybtrack three things for them. A problem if and when they want to tap private share markets fluidly and without legal or dilution risk. Read more

If you call it a blockchain, it’s not an OTC story anymore

You may have encountered some fanfare this week surrounding Nasdaq’s unveiling of “Linq”, its blockchain-enabled platform for managing and trading shares of private companies.

Here’s the extremely upbeat press release:

NEW YORK and LAS VEGAS, Oct. 27, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Nasdaq (Nasdaq:NDAQ) today announced the initial roster of private company clients for Nasdaq Linq, its blockchain-enabled platform. The first participants will include:, ChangeTip, PeerNova, Synack, Tango and Vera. Nasdaq will unveil a first-ever demonstration of its blockchain technology at the Money20/20 event today in Las Vegas.

The first platform of its kind, Nasdaq Linq is a digital ledger technology that leverages a blockchain to facilitate the issuance, cataloging and recording of transfers of shares of privately-held companies on The NASDAQ Private Market. It will complement ExactEquity, NASDAQ Private Market’s cloud-based capitalization table management and stock plan administration solution. Nasdaq Linq clients will be provided with a comprehensive, historical record of issuance and transfer of their securities, offering increased auditability, issuance governance and transfer of ownership capabilities.

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Burn it like a bitcoin processor company (Updated)

You may remember BitPay, the bitcoin payments processor, on account of its proud assertion back in May 2014 that it was (at that point) the world’s most well-funded Bitcoin company.

Well, it’s only been a year since BitPay managed to raise $30m from investors including PayPal founder Peter Thiel, Hong Kong billionaire Li Ka-shing and Sir Richard Branson — reportedly valuing the company at $160m — and yet, seemingly, much of that cash may by now be gone.

Talk of the Reddit forums on Friday was news that BitPay had not only u-turned on some of its free service promises, but was also letting staff go. Read more

The Mt.Gox Bitcoin bubble

Come with us on a journey back to March 3, 2014. A time just after the premier bitcoin exchange Mt.Gox suspended operations (on Feb 22) and when nobody really knew why.

The in vogue explanation was that Mt.Gox had suffered an unfortunate technological fault in the shape of a “malleability” issue.

But it was also a time when the likes of Marc Andreessen were keen to reassure the Bitcoin faithful that: “MtGox price decline has little do with BTC price itself, has lot to do with MtGox-specific issues”, that “like collapse of MFGlobal in commodities trading, the collapse of MTGox posed no system risk. Didn’t affect broader system” and that “In wake of MtGox shutdown, BTC is trading at same level as it was .. two months ago. (Up strongly since shutdown itself.) Markets work”. Read more

What goes up must come down

Alternative title: Lessons in altcoin manipulation, or, how to manage a China-related cash-out without spooking the bitcoin market.

Over the last few weeks, it’s not been Bitcoin but Bitcoin’s little brother litecoin which has been clocking up the bulk of Greek/China crisis related gains. (The community has, of course, been doing their best to talk the crisis up for the benefit of paper profits.) Read more

Bitcoin being forked?

On the website right now:

Which, just in case you didn’t catch the small print, magnifies to say:

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On the robustness of cryptobonds and crypto settlement

Online retailer Overstock last week became the first company to offer a corporate bond, valued at $25m, in the form of a “crypto security”.

Unsurprisingly, the story was pumped up by the crypto trade press, which has a habit of taking statements from vested interests at face value.

But, as Bloomberg’s Mark Gilbert has hinted indirectly there’s something hypocritical about lauding a bond for its transparent blockchain traceability features while at the same time providing sketchier than sketchy details about all its other aspects. Read more

Bitcoin Opec favours 8MB blocksize increase

Bitcoin wants to grow. Sadly, because the Bitcoin protocol restricts the size of every block mined on the network to 1MB, it can’t scale easily. There’s a limited amount of transactions/data that can be consolidated into every block, which creates something of an artificial scarcity problem.

Some maintain good old fashioned capitalism can resolve the problem. If there’s a limit, people who want to transact quickly should pay to have their transactions/data prioritised in the chain.

Miners, especially those having a tough time covering their costs these days, favour this approach. Their view is that the sooner block size is restricted, the sooner the market will be able to find a true value for bitcoin transactions. Also, it’s not healthy for the miner network to depend on speculative inflows forever. True miner revenue would be like giving bitcoin a proper business model. It might also help eliminate blockchain spamming and free-loading. Read more

Summers and Swiss bitcoin hoards

The FT’s Richard Waters reports that Larry Summers, former US treasury secretary and secular stagnation theorist, is to form part of the advisory board at Xapo, a Silicon Valley Bitcoin start-up specialising in deep cold storage of bitcoins in Swiss vaults and the issuance of bitcoin debit cards.

Worth noting in this context, of course, is that Larry Summers is also the man arguing that bubbles are a bit of an inevitability in a secular stagnated world. Or as he explained in the Financial Times back in December 2014: Read more

21 Inc and the plan to kill the free internet

Details of the hottest, most secretive bitcoin start-up in Silicon Valley have finally been revealed by chairman and soon-to-be CEO Balaji Srinivasan of 21 Inc in a post on Medium. They are, by and large, exactly what FT Alphaville reported them to be. Cold sharp summary: Bitcoin mining devices in toasters.

Calling this a simple internet of things play, however, would be lazy. To really put the audacity of Srinivasan’s vision into perspective one first has to go back in time to the days of the early internet. Read more

Scenes from the 21 Inc pitch book

Some people may have had difficulty understanding what the hell Balaji S. Srinivasan, chairman-cum-ceo of secretive Silicon Valley start-up 21 Inc, is up to after reading his Medium “open for business” post.

The following slides, shared by potential investors in 21 Inc, may or may not help. But they certainly highlight the conceit on show here. Click to enlarge.

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Exposing the “If we call it a blockchain, perhaps it won’t be deemed a cartel?” tactic

Why are the great and the good of the banking and financial services world suddenly extolling the virtues of blockchain, the technology that underpins the artificial scarcity of bitcoin?

Possibly because they’ve finally figured out that what the technology really facilitates is cartel management for groups that don’t trust each other but which still need to work together if they’re to protect the value and stability of the markets they serve.

Cartel enforcement, in that sense, appeals to all sorts of financial players from bankers and commodity producers to general asset creators. Read more

Bitcoin’s lien problem

At cryptocurrency and fintech conferences, FT Alphaville often hears Bitcoin enthusiasts make the assertion that Bitcoin is superior to fiat currency because it eliminates debt from the monetary system.

But this, of course, is a fallacy.

Bitcoin may have the potential to create a fully-funded reserve system, but it certainly doesn’t eliminate debt from any system.

At best, Bitcoin’s public ledger records a transfer of digital access rights in the eyes of the clearing network. It does not, however, record or see the terms and conditions of that transfer. Read more

Blockchains as a public and private resource

FT Alphaville attended Tomorrow’s Transactions 18th annual forum this week where all facets of blockchain and distributed-ledger systems were explored.

The most interesting ideas (at least to us) were those presented by Vitalik Buterin of Ethereum and Preston Byrne of Eris Industries. Both are focused on moving blockchain beyond bitcoin and towards useful real-world applications.

The former, for example, is focused on creating a so-called “Turing complete” public chain that would — as we understand it — allow anyone with coding capability to tap a globally distributed processing network to run their programmes upon safe in the knowledge that the underlying data can’t be falsified or manipulated. Read more

On the potential of closed-system blockchains

Followers of FT Alphaville’s Bitcoinmania series will be familiar with our generally sceptical position on all things bitcoin.

Indeed, over the course of more than 64 posts, we’ve presented a mostly negative case for bitcoin “the currency”, and remain confident that the open-source “people-cleared” cryptocurrency (which replaces one accountable and identifiable third party with 10,000 anonymous parties of dubious intent) is ill-suited for the job of currency in any stable economic system.

That said, we have reflected tiny bursts of enthusiasm for what blockchain technology, the distributed public ledger underpinning bitcoin, could do for the murky and shadowy world of OTC bilateral clearing. Read more

Bitcoin continues to evolve into a worse version of the current system

A cheaper, faster and more secure way to pay for things on the internet or on your smart phone.

Those are the usual claims one hears about Bitcoin. But on January 12, anyone transacting on the network would have encountered an unusual problem: a near two-hour transaction processing delay. Read more

How to corner markets, Bitcoin style

If you think retail FX and spread-betting shops have a problem with one-way client risk, then don’t even dare to look into the Wild West stuff going on in crypto land. It’s the Bank to the Future Biff Tannen version of 1985 in Technicolor (Oculus Rift form naturally).

As we’ve noted before, Bitcoin markets are a hotbed for unscrupulous market practices. Everything from HFT, front-running, rebating, preferential order flow, poor margining, naked shorting, and now the truly popular one — active “collusion” by big players. It’s all there.

What’s really cute is that a lot of the time the cowboys think they’re being truly innovative with these strategies. (Michael Lewis obviously hasn’t penetrated their radar.)

On which note, unconfirmed reports come our way of the latest bearwhale scheme being hatched — this time being organised by a particular bearwhale called Benji — to corner the market with the cunning use of the “shake out the weak shorts and cause a short-squeeze” strategy. Read more

Do you have a finance degree from the university of Bitcoin?

As the Bitcoin price crumbles….

… and the capital hole (economic flaw) at the heart of all cryptocurrency schemes is exposed, we thought we’d uncharacteristically look at what was actually good about the phenomenon of Bitcoin. Read more

Bitcoin’s upcoming capital crisis

A quick update on the scam-ridden world of Bitcoin — not to be confused, of course, with the (sacrosanct) technology of THE BLOCKCHAIN, still dubbed “promising” and “respectable” by VCs in the know — which seems to be fast descending into a blazing fireball of financial chaos, bankruptcy and despair.

On Monday, we had the suspension of Bitstamp, one of Bitcoin’s most reputable and liquid exchanges, founded and operated by two Slovenian kids in their 20s and funded to the tune of $10m by US-based hedge fund Pantera Capital (an arm of Fortress Investments) despite the youngsters’ lack of discernible financial credentials.

As of pixel time, the official line by way of CEO Nejc Kodric was still that a hack had pilfered $5m worth of Bitcoin from the company accounts but that Bitstamp would be back up and running within 24hrs, 48hrs, “soon”, and that customers should not worry because the company had more than enough reserves to cover their customer liabilities.*

*Update: Bitstamp is back up and trading as of Friday evening. No change to the official narrative and no real explanation of who is covering the loss. Read more

Who needs caveat emptor when you’ve got Bitcoin?

What did you miss while you were away eating turkey and whatnot?

Well, there was that one thing about China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange relaxing the rules on Chinese banks’ foreign-exchange holdings, allowing them to hold fewer dollars — a pretty useful ruling during a dollar shortage issue. Read more

Bitcoin cognitive dissonance of the day, Bill Gates edition

If there’s anyone who knows about the benefits of “early adoption” it’s Bill Gates — the man who built an empire from understanding the value of access rights to software.

Should we really be surprised, then, that he’s also in favour of Bitcoin, a system that helps a whole new generation of software “early adopters” gain vast amounts of wealth through the cunning ability to spot a market that’s fit for monopolisation.

But that’s not even the value of Bitcoin, according to Gates! Here he is on Bloomberg gushing about how the virtual currency’s greatest feature is how cheap it makes payments processing: Read more

BitCon: The book

Jeffrey Robinson is an American author best known in media circles for his work on international financial crime via his 1995 book The Laundrymen.

Suffice to say, when one of the world’s best known financial-crime authors turns his attention to the world of cryptocurrencies, and in particular Bitcoin, it probably makes sense to pay attention. Especially when the book he publishes is called, BitCon: The Naked Truth About Bitcoin.

Sadly, for the Bitcoin faithful — as well as all the other reasonable institutions that seem to have been taken in — the verdict is not good. Robinson reduces the entire phenomenon to a classic swindle. A small cohort of ruthless predators taking advantage, as usual, of the naive and gullible via a carefully constructed and asymmetrical myth, which happens to appeal to those of a certain persuasion, encouraging them to take leave of their senses entirely.

Part of the fervour is driven by classic get-rich-quick sentiment, but the other and the more sinister part is based on the art of indoctrination, no different to that employed by cults focused on getting people to hand over their hard-earned cash for the the sake of reserving themselves a prime slot in heaven and/or the supposed system that comes after this one.

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