Posts tagged 'Sovereign Default'

Defaulting on the IMF: a stupid idea whose time had come

This belief — that an implicit official sector guarantee has quietly settled over every sovereign debt instrument issued by every geopolitically significant country on the planet — is a fallacy. The moral hazard implications of allowing this idea to prosper are staggering. More importantly, the official sector lacks the resources to make good on such an implicit guarantee, even if it wanted to do so.

— Lee Buchheit, ‘Sovereign fragility’, 2014

Coming home to roost now though, isn’t it? Read more

The Fed and Treasury default: a coda

At some point in the great collective peyote dream that was last month’s debt ceiling crisis, we asked you to imagine the Fed buying defaulted US Treasuries.

Fortunately, the US central bank was thinking about it too. Read more

Imagine the Fed bought defaulted Treasuries

Every Federal reserve bank shall have power…

…To buy and sell in the open market, under the direction and regulations of the Federal Open Market Committee, any obligation which is a direct obligation of, or fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by, any agency of the United States.

Section 14.2(b)2, Federal Reserve Act

Now, reading that carefully

Does that mean the Fed can’t buy defaulted US government debt? Read more

Breaking the full faith and credit, vs breaking the buck

Just for the record, FT Alphaville thinks of ‘technical’ default as one of those weasel words.

Still, some interesting comment from Fitch on Wednesday, on whether defaulted US Treasuries could still call the $2.694trn money market fund industry a home: Read more

A rumble from the ceiling, self-harm watch

The markets have spoken and they are ambivalent: fine, you want to shut the government down, see if we care.

Nomura’s Jens Nordvig finds that stocks are up a bit, emerging market currencies doing well and bond yields slightly higher. However, there was movement on Tuesday that suggested the first nervous rearranging of assumptions around a US default.

In the absence of an agreement to raise the debt ceiling October 17 is the estimate for when emergency measures to fund the government are exhausted. Read more

Hey look, even wealthy countries can suffer creditworthiness-threatening financial crises

Moody’s announced on Tuesday that it’s reviewing its sovereign credit ratings methodology, and seeking comment from industry participants.

The review comes probably not a moment too soon — and we are not just talking about the French getting very cranky. Bloomberg reckons Moody’s sovereign ratings are unpopular, even by the low standards of sovereign ratings popularity: Read more

Argentina, padlocks and vultures

Complicated, ambiguous, a Heath Robinson machine of sovereign debt payment.

Those are all good ways to describe the likely legal strategies that are now open to Argentina, if it proposes to go on freezing out holdouts but continue paying out on restructured foreign-law debt. That’s after last Friday’s landmark US Court of Appeals decision. Read more

A Cypriot seniority quirk?

S&P has downgraded (to B from BB) Cyprus, the little island which is facing a great big bank recapitalisation bill from the fallout in Greece. It could well be the biggest ever such bill in history, relative to GDP.* Read more

Some hedge fund managers walk onto an Argentinian navy ship…

We are NOT making this up. We couldn’t.

ARA Libertad (Q-2) - Photo copyright - Fabian Pesikonis - pic sourced from Read more

PSI lost

Hard to believe it was six months ago.

If you think the fat lady hasn’t yet belted it out on the possibility of future sovereign debt restructuring in the eurozone… (and who’d rule it out, ECB actions notwithstanding) Read more

“Placement of a Member State under legal protection”

Amazing what sometimes comes out of the European Parliament.

That’s an amendment from Jean-Paul Gauzès, Member of European Parliament, to the otherwise fairly sober draft legislation on how EU bodies should monitor governments’ finances, including bailout programmes. Dubbed the “two pack”, the draft legislation (including the Gauzès amendment) was approved by MEPs on Wednesday. This won’t come into force until the European Council has reviewed the legislation, which is going to mean months of negotiation, rejection of parts of the measures, and amendments, probably. Read more

Seniority in Spain — *good news* for bondholders?

As we all wait for an actual Spanish bailout loan doc, and what it might say about that ESM seniority

Here’s some seriously intriguing, counter-intuitive food for thought from Barclays’ Piero Ghezzi. From a Tuesday note: Read more

The foreign-law distinction, encore

Holding foreign-law bonds in preference to domestic-law in peripheral eurozone sovereigns: such a cliché now, they built the Greek PSI around it.

It also made it possible (though it alone did not make it probable) for holdouts in the €435m May 2012 floating-rate note to get paid out in full on Wednesday. Read more

Oh, Greek moratoria (redux)

EFSF will make €5.2bn payment to Greece – Reuters

Although €4.2bn will be disbursed on 10 May and the rest has been held back because Greece doesn’t need it until June, apparently. Anyway, on that note… Read more

Oh, Greek moratoria

*Tsipras says must be moratorium on Greece debt payments

That, earlier on Tuesday, was Alexis Tsipras — head of Syriza and current owner of the mandate to form a coalition government (as forlorn as that is now looking). Syriza took second place in Sunday’s elections. Read more

If you thought Greek bondholders were subordinated…

Subordination of private bondholders by the official sector is already very acute. This means that the more a PSI exercise is delayed, the higher the haircut on the notional needs to be for a given level of debt relief. Consequently, the sooner a PSI exercise happens, the better…

Not Greece 2011, but Portugal 2012. Read more

Those new Greek bond yields…

Update — Aargh maybe we do have to stay up. Reuters has a Greek official bandying round a nearly 95 per cent participation rate figure. Also see the FT’s update below.

Looks like FT Alphaville New York won’t have to stay up until the wee hours of Friday morning after all — from the FTRead more

Now witness the firepower of this fully armed and operational collective action clause, etc

Latest from the Greek finance ministry (its debt manager has met German banks):

The Republic confirmed that if it receives sufficient consents to the proposed amendments of the Greek law governed bonds identified in the invitations for the amendments to become effective, it intends, in consultation with its official sector creditors, to declare the proposed amendments effective and binding on all holders of these bonds. Consequently, all obligations of the Republic to pay holders of those bonds any amount on account of principal will be amended to permit the Republic to discharge these obligations in full by delivering to the holders of the amended bonds on the settlement date the consideration described in the invitations. In addition, the Republic’s obligation to pay interest on its Greek law governed bonds will be amended so as to reduce the amounts due to interest accrued through 24 February 2012 and to provide that such amounts will be paid by delivering short-term EFSF notes in lieu of cash. No further interest will accrue or be payable on those bonds. Read more

Finland’s got a secret

A reader passes on this curious detail from a Finnish MPs’ debate on Greece (via Helsingin Sanomat):

Some MPs expressed shock that the Ministry of Finance decided to keep the collateral agreement reached between Finland and Greece a secret. Read more

The worlds inside a Greek GDP warrant

Let’s start by saying you’re a bondholder mulling Greece’s PSI offer this weekend. (Or you’re Maynard, after a hellish week, reflecting on the offer that you helped to create.)

Remind yourself… Read more

Greek PSI — the offer

Click image for the full release doc — we’re still waiting for the technical memo stuff:

Metaphors to while the night away

With a long night of Euro-deal watching ahead we thought we would leave you some mixed-metaphors to mull over.

This is from Gabriel Sterne over at Exotix (emphasis his): Read more

ECB seniority and dirty hands

First, do read Dan Davies’ bailout options post if you haven’t already. It’s like a Greek Kobayashi Maru. Except you have no hope of ending up like James T Kirk. We got to number 5.

But speaking of Greek debt situations where there are no good outcomes left… Read more

Bailouts and obsolescing bargains

The central administration lacks the management, oversight and co-ordination structures to support effective implementation and long-term management of policy measures, including structural reforms to support sustained economic growth. This is a fundamental obstacle upon which many reforms have already stumbled…

Legal formalism has generated a culture and legal framework which provides no incentives for initiative on the part of civil servants, discourages any policy actions which are not accompanied by a legal text, privileges the observance (and development) of administrative processes rather than attention to the policy substance of civil service work, and slows down the work of the administration…

 Read more

Greece’s biggest holdout, dealt with? [updated]

Goodbye to one massive FT Alphaville bugbear, anyway? An interesting story from Stephen Fidler of the WSJ/DJ FX Trader:

The ECB has agreed to exchange the government bonds it purchased in the secondary market last year at a price below face value, provided the debt-restructuring talks have a successful outcome… Read more

Otto’s revenge

– Parachuted in by the great powers of the time Read more

The preferred, puzzling, ESM

Eurozone states signed the final version of the treaty establishing the European Stabilisation Mechanism on February 2.

(Click the image for the full document) Read more

Bilaterally — yours?

The FT’s James Mackintosh recently pointed out an interesting provision in the loan agreement Greece has with its bilateral official creditors – its fellow eurozone states.

They are entitled to require Greece to pay the whole loan back immediately if the country defaults on private bondholders. Click the image to enlarge (the full agreement is available here from the Greek finance ministry): Read more

There are official creditors, and there are “official” creditors

The unstoppable force…

“If the level of Greece’s privately held debt is not sufficiently renegotiated, then public creditors, holders of Greek debt, will also have to participate in the financial effort,” Lagarde told journalists in Paris.

 Read more

Dealing with Greece’s biggest holdout

If you didn’t believe us that the European Central Bank will do everything it can to achieve seniority for its Greek bonds in the country’s debt restructuring, hopefully Thursday’s ECB press conference convinced you.

Not only did ECB chief Mario Draghi obsfuscate — twice — on whether the bank is prepared to take losses on its Greek debt, but Vitor Constancio, the vice-chief, made a point of emphasising that Greece is negotiating private sector involvement. Read more