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Posts tagged 'Sovereign Debt'
The prospect of selling any sovereign territory to resolve disputes may seem like a taboo — especially so when it comes to the conflicted territory of Crimea. However, Joseph Blocher and Mitu Gulati, both law professors at Duke University, argue that such a “market” should in future be considered in public international law.
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This year’s IMF-World Bank Spring Meeting is likely to include discussion of proposals to change the fund’s policy on sovereign debt restructuring. Gabriel Sterne, senior economist at Exotix with IMF experience, and Charles Blitzer, Principal at Blitzer Consulting and a former IMF staff member, argue in favour of a case-by-case approach.
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Ah, spring: a season of renewal. The scent of flowers carried on a gentle breeze.
And the international financial community can go back to arguing all over again about whether a promise which Argentina made in a bond issued twenty years ago – to treat creditors equally – will end up making sovereign debt restructuring harder to achieve. Read more
When your creditor takes some of your territory — can you make that territory take some of your debt? Mitu Gulati, a law professor at Duke University, last wrote for us on Russia’s $3bn Ukrainian bond. With Russia reinforcing its annexation of Crimea, Mitu considers Ukraine’s options with its debt after the secession.
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Notwithstanding the approval and publication by the Central Bank of Ireland of the prospectus dated 17 February 2014 in relation to the undermentioned proposed issue of securities, the Issuer hereby confirms that no such securities will be issued.
UKRAINE REPRESENTED BY THE MINISTER OF FINANCE OF UKRAINE Read more
Moscow doesn’t send tanks into revolting former vassals any more. It sends dollars.
For anyone who decides to follow the money when it comes to Ukraine’s split between the EU and Russia, the consequences can sometimes be grimly surreal when it gets to the prosaic matters of bond finance. Read more
This post is just to flesh out a point in this great piece by John McDermott — so read that first.
But we think it’s an important point. An alternative title for this post: What’s under your gilt?
After all, it is the debt that has enabled Her Majesty’s government to turn so breezily confident that currency union with an independent Scotland “is not going to happen”, fully seven months before an independence referendum. Read more
Arguably, none of the below matters now.
That’s the prime effect of the German constitutional court turning to the European Court of Justice for a ruling on whether the ECB’s sovereign bond-buying programme is a “structurally significant transgression of powers” under European treaty law.
Big words. But the backing of the Bundesverfassungsgericht judges (pictured right) for that view gets rendered into just another opinion, pending the ECJ’s decision. And the arc of the ECJ’s justice is long, turgidly written, but ultimately quite friendly to pieces of bailout architecture that have an odd relationship to the treaties — as in past musings on the ESM.
But the really interesting thing is that regardless, the OMT’s purpose apparently remains almost completely lost on the court. Read more
Those rascal short sellers are at it again, daring to ask awkward questions of the European project. This time the manifesto comes from New York based Tortus, who have a plan to “rehabilitate” Portugal. (H/T @Pawelmorski and @IyerC).
Before rehabilitation, however, there must come acceptance, and Tortus is short “certain Portugese sovereign bonds” because it does not think the status quo is sustainable. Read more
Just to put an already-huge year-end move in Portuguese bond yields into some wider context…
Here’s a chart (via Reuters) of the five-year yield since August 2010 — to which levels it’s now, roughly, returned. Click to enlarge.
These are some mountains in Carinthia, Austria. Bucolic.
That, meanwhile, is the logo of Hypo Alpe Adria, a regional lender rescued by the Austrian government in 2009, and which has now sprung another, €800m black hole… and it is just possible that the name is going to be as memorable as Amagerbanken or SNS Reaal for European banks’ bondholders. Potentially it may be a less than bucolic precedent for sovereign debt, too. Read more
Wait a minute, Doc. Ah… Are you telling me that you built a time machine… out of a sovereign bond contract?
– Marty McFly (paraphrased)
Exciting. There’s now a whiff of political glasnost surrounding Argentina’s pari passu saga.
Or not exciting. The saga might just get two years of a lame-duck president waiting to pass the holdout problem onto the next occupant of the Casa Rosada. (The Second Circuit also denied requests to lift the stay on the order for Argentina to pay holdouts on Friday, so we know the litigation is going to go on a bit longer.)
But that makes it all the more interesting to reconsider those recent, rather odd, whispers of a plan for Argentina’s restructured bondholders to go around the sovereign that really, really doesn’t want to pay — and make a deal for Elliott and co to go away themselves, dropping the demand of ratable payment from the Republic. Read more
In which, regardless of recent calls on Argentina to negotiate on an amount to pay its holdouts in the pari passu case (or is it to give those calls teeth?)…
…Ted Olson, NML Capital’s lawyer, invites the Second Circuit to unfreeze an order to pay the holdouts ratably — and in full, by the terms of their defaulted bonds — at the next payment to restructured bondholders. Click for the doc. Read more
It comes down to the Republic’s own incentives to settle. Especially when it’s been such a “uniquely recalcitrant” debtor for so long.
And so — while it might seem a long way from the pari passu saga — we’re interested in this week’s news (via Ambito) that Argentina wants to pay $500m (in bonds) to settle with five companies and get them to stop suing it through ICSID, the World Bank’s investment arbitration tribunal…
Change in the air? Change which might spread to NML v Argentina? Read more
Every Federal reserve bank shall have power…
…To buy and sell in the open market, under the direction and regulations of the Federal Open Market Committee, any obligation which is a direct obligation of, or fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by, any agency of the United States.
– Section 14.2(b)2, Federal Reserve Act
Now, reading that carefully…
Does that mean the Fed can’t buy defaulted US government debt? Read more
IT IS HEREBY…
DECLARED that for the avoidance of doubt (i) the implementation of the plan to allow Exchange Bonds to be exchanged for securities or similar instruments payable in Argentina, which was announced by President Fernandez de Kirchner in her speech of August 26, 2013, (ii) implementation of any functionally equivalent or reasonably similar plan, or (iii) any step towards implementing (including without limitation the formulation or design of) such a plan or a functionally equivalent or reasonably similar plan, each would violate the Anti Evasion Injunction of the March 5 Order and Paragraph 2 of this ORDER…
This comes via Shearman & Sterling, in their note on Argentina’s crunching defeat at the Second Circuit (and its Supreme Court litigation options for avoiding paying holdouts alongside current restructured bondholders, which it might have just blown up)…
Emphasis on ‘illustrative’. This is a case where an appeals court ruling has just landed about four months after it was first described as ‘imminent’. Read more
They did it! They finally did it, post-Second Circuit fiasco:
[Bloomberg] Argentina will send a bill to Congress tomorrow [August 27] to reopen a debt restructuring for those creditors who haven’t accepted previous swaps after the nation’s 2001 default, said President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner…
She also said that holders of restructured bonds, who accepted discounts of as much as 70 percent, will be able to swap them into securities governed by Argentine law in a bid to prevent payment disruptions from a U.S. court ruling in favor of the holdouts.
We first looked at the why and how of using a local-law swap to get round the pari passu problem which Argentina has made for itself — back in November. That’s how interminable this pari passu saga has been.
Much more in CFK’s speech. Come for the baldly disingenuous assertion that calling Argentina a “uniquely recalcitrant” debtor is “un poco injusto”; stay for confirmation that the new bonds would be paid through Caja de Valores, the local clearing house. Surely it’s not about showing credibility to the Supreme Court by reopening the swap to holdouts: the actual plaintiffs won’t take the offer, and the judges haven’t considered Argentina’s petition directly yet.
FT Alphaville’s considered take on all this? It’s pretty nuts. Read more