Posts tagged 'Labour'

Guest post: Why we must distribute the gains from technical change

This is a guest post by Prof. Dr. Luc Soete, a UNU-Merit board member, on the challenges posed to labour markets by growing automation and the need to distribute the gains from modern technical change with tools such as basic income or helicopter money. It is based on remarks made at a panel event marking the 50th Anniversary of the Science Policy Research Unit at Sussex University earlier this week. Read more

Canadian part-time worker update

While it’s easy to lose track amid the din associated with the release of the US jobs report, the Great White North also published its latest jobs numbers on Friday. These data are highly volatile on a month-to-month basis, but we still think some interesting information can occasionally be gleaned from looking at the annual changes. In particular, we noticed something eye-catching about the flows into part-time and full-time work.

Last time we discussed this issue, we noted that about half of the total job growth in the prior 12 months had taken the form of part-time work, and that for women 25 and older, full-time employment had actually fallen. Since then, things have subtly changed. Read more

Where the tech innovation goes

It’s day two of the London TfL strike, which calls for another installment in the robot vs jobs debate. This time we present the findings of Daron Acemoglu, of MIT, in a new working paper which explores technological capital biases and why it is that the benefits of technological innovation don’t always flow neutrally across the economy.

Acemoglu’s paper expands on the seminal work of Atkinson and Stiglitz on technological change in 1969, and uses a neat North/South analogy to explain the why these biases develop in the first place (our emphasis): Read more

Technology vs globalisation as cause of the declining labour share

Hat tips to Noah Smith and James Hamilton for highlighting two papers on the possible causes behind the declining share of income that has flowed to labour in recent decades, and especially since the turn of the century:

Chart via Hamilton. Read more

Productivity, “reindustrialisation” and the US profit share

US industrial production has grown at least twice as fast as GDP since the start of the recovery.

Onshoring” work because wage differentials are narrowing plus falling electricity prices because of shale gas = more growth, so… great! Maybe? Read more

UK productivity puzzle possibly solved?

Hugh Small is an independent economic analyst and management consultant, who was formerly with US-based firms Arthur D. Little and A. T. Kearney. He blogs at mature, and has a running thesis that mature economies must be assessed differently to developing economies because they share very different strategic goals.

Furthermore, once you factor in the subtle differences that apply to developed economies, things like the UK productivity puzzle begin to look a little less mysterious. Read more

Banks vs babies

Yep, China again.

Here’s a table from a fresh IMF paper pondering the country’s Lewis Turning Point, the moment when people streaming into cities from farms will be fully absorbed, industrial wages will take off, and — an estimated 350m jobs later after it began — the era of cheap Chinese labour will end. Click to enlarge. Read more

Mismeasuring UK GDP

The preliminary UK GDP estimate for the fourth quarter is out and it looks like there’s been a return to err.. contraction.

Via the ONS:

GDP was estimated to have decreased by 0.3% in Q4 2012 compared with Q3 2012. Output of the production industries was estimated to have decreased by 1.8% in Q4 2012 compared with Q3 2012, following an increase of 0.7% between Q2 2012 and Q3 2012.

 Read more

The small job creators versus the big non-creators

What’s to blame for the sluggish pace of jobs growth in the US economic recovery?

Citi economists Nathan Sheets and Robert Sockin have found evidence that the woes of small businesses might have something to do with it. Read more

Why the UK output gap could be a chasm

Capital Economics put out a cracker of a note on UK output this week. It’s taken us a while to get through it but we wanted to do it justice. Here’s the key extract:

‘Supply pessimists’ point to high inflation and growing employment as evidence of a small output gap. But inflation was pushed up by temporary factors and has eased recently, while domestically generated inflation has remained low.

 Read more

HSBC: This is now about structural woe

If you’re seeking a counter view to the one expressed on Thursday by a Bear in a Bath, look no further than the latest note from Stephen King’s team at HSBC.

Some great stuff from the global head of economics today, including thoughts about the UK’s productivity puzzle, the US jobless recovery, the pointlessness of QE and whether a structural shift may under way. Read more

The decline or the redefinition of labour?

Felix Salmon at Reuters has picked up on the following chart from Margaret Jacobson and Filippo Ochhino at the Cleveland Fed:

 Read more

The BoE on Britain’s productivity puzzle

The minutes to the Bank of England’s September meeting are out, and we can’t help being drawn to the following comments about the UK’s labour productivity puzzle (our emphasis):

The labour market had remained surprisingly resilient in the face of the contraction in activity. The unemployment rate had fallen to 8% in the second quarter, its lowest level for around a year, and employment was estimated to have risen by more than 200,000, with a rise in permanent employees accounting for more than half the increase. Read more

Are UK companies hoarding labour?

Something of a puzzle is emerging in the UK’s labour market.

The overall employment picture is definitely improving. According to the latest figures from the Office of National Statistics, the economy added more than 431,000 new jobs in the past year and the employment rate is now considered to be relatively high. At the same time, however, there’s no doubt that labour productivity has been falling — quite the opposite to the picture in the US, where productivity has been rising sharply. Read more

On abundance, post-scarcity and leisure

Robert and Edward Skidelsky, emeritus professor of political economy at the University of Warwick and lecturer on moral and political philosophy at the University of Exeter respectively, have penned what FT Alphaville feels is a must read essay on the impact of abundance and post-scarcity dynamics on price stability and the nature of labour, and work itself.

Entitled “In Praise of Leisure“, it picks up beautifully from where our own “Beyond Scarcity” series left off, echoing many of the same points. Read more

Breaking down five million job losses, and the curious case of construction

A chart and table via CreditSights, click to enlarge:

 Read more

The US labour market and the middling middle

The sweet spot — you’re young, Hispanic, have a college degree, work in mining, are married and live in North Dakota.

It’s a rare combination, of course, but these are the characteristics commonly found among people who have found jobs in the difficult US labour market since February 2010, according to ConvergEx analysts. Read more

“The 60’s. Cool Decade. Lousy Age.”

That’s the title of the Citi research note on US managed care where we came across this chart:

 Read more

US unemployment rate falls to 8.6 per cent, payrolls up 120,000

Consensus expectations were for 9 per cent and 125,000.

But don’t be deceived by the eye-catching drop in the unemployment rate: this report was good but not great. Read more

China labour costs push jobs back to US

Rising Chinese labour costs are changing the economics of global manufacturing and could contribute to the creation of 3m jobs in the US by 2020, according to a study being released on Friday, the FT reports. The Boston Consulting Group analysis says the new jobs will be generated by a “re-shoring” of manufacturing activity lost to China over the past decade. “Re-shoring is part of a broad trend that will emerge as … production gradually swings back to the US,” Hal Sirkin, a senior partner at the consultancy, told the Financial Times. The Boston Consulting Group estimates that the trend could cut the US’s merchandise trade deficit with the rest of the world, excluding oil, from $360bn in 2010 to about $260bn by the end of the decade. The shift would also reduce its soaring deficit with China, which reached $273bn in 2010 and has triggered an intense political controversy over China’s exchange rate policies.

Labour force and consumer spending edition

A decent review of a theme we’ve been exploring recently, courtesy of Moody’s Analytics:

Several important demographic trends will influence US activity for some time. They include (i) the slower growth of Americans aged 15 to 49 years, which is a population cohort that shows a comparatively strong correlation with the growth of real consumer spending, (ii) the record slow growth of the working age population, (iii) the much faster growth of older workers relative to younger workers, and (iv) the breakneck growth of those 65-and-over vis-à-vis the number aged less-than-65.

 Read more

The UK labour market isn’t working

Wednesday’s UK jobs report is a stark reminder of the inadequacy of government policy — past and present — to reduce unemployment, and in particular youth unemployment.

The number of unemployed people in the three months to the end of June was 2.49m, up 38,000 from March and up 32,000 from twelve months ago. This total is only 17,000 shy of the peak during the recession (2.511m), according to Citigroup’s Michael Saunders, who expects next quarter’s release to show a further increase. Read more

A claimant count quandary

There is a bit of a debate developing regarding Wednesday’s employment data and in particular the significant increase in the claimant count.

For example, FT Alphaville quoted Howard Archer of IHS Global Insight saying: Read more

The (possible) future of US manufacturing

Even as it was becoming clear that first-quarter growth had decelerated, there were plenty of signs that the manufacturing sector remained an exception.

Factory production in the first three months of the year grew by 9.1 per cent (annualised), freight and rail volumes grew, jobs growth in the sector has been steady, the monthly ISM surveys have been positive, and earnings by companies like Caterpillar and the Detroit carmakers have beaten consensus handily. Read more

Further further reading

For the commute home, good luck with the St Patrick’s Day crowds,

Highlights from the WaMu lawsuitRead more

Further further reading

For the commute home, or while rocking out to Paradise City, or while shielding yourself from the November Rain, or while chasing your Rocket Queen, or while exercising Patience; and because you Don’t Cry, you Live and Let Die,

– Welcome to the jungle: Ex-G’N’R bassist starts wealth management firm. Read more

Labour force follies

A striking chart from McKinsey’s new report on US productivity:

 Read more

IFS: beware the UK labour market

If policy wonks had their way, the publication date of the IFS Green Budget would be a national holiday.

We exaggerate — slightly — but for an arid testament to the prose potential of Excel spreadsheets, it’s a good read. Not least because across its twelve chapters it meticulously meanders through the high stakes game the UK economy is currently in. Read more

Double or quits? The structural unemployment question

The cyclical vs structural debate raised a lot of heat and not a great deal of light during the summer. But in the last week or so wise minds have returned to the issue.

In a syndicated column, Raghuram Rajan cited research that ostensibly suggested the demise of housing-related jobs represents a structural break in the US labour market: Read more

Lowering claims, lowering expectations

Another day then and another round of jobs numbers to put the cautiously into cautiously optimistic.

Payrolls are out Friday and with them a better idea of the extent and pace of improvement — Reuters reports that nonfarm payrolls are expected to have increased 175,000 last month, up from 39,000 in November. Read more