Posts tagged 'Labour Market'

Employment and immigration in oil-exporting countries

Citigroup suggests a rather grim fix for oil-exporting countries struggling with the drop in crude prices: Lower ambitions for economic growth, and fewer unskilled immigrants.

Limiting immigration is a tactic that’s appealed to other countries recently (we’d make a snarky comment about the UK, if only we Yanks were in any place to feel superior). But we’re willing to at least entertain the logic, since GCC countries — the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia — are in a very different situation than Europe and the US. They’ve historically relied heavily on foreign nationals’ labour in the private sector, and employed domestic workers in oil-funded government jobs.  Read more

UK job market update

Unlike every other country in the rich world, Britain’s job market has been on fire for years, with employment and hours worked soaring at the fastest rate in decades:

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The changing geography of US employment

In a previous post we looked at which US states were the best for job growth in 2014. (North Dakota was best overall, followed closely by Utah, which has the advantage of not being reliant on energy extraction, as well as one of the highest median incomes in the US.) In this post we’re going to take a longer view of how the distribution of employment has shifted across the most populous US metro areas since 1990, when the data begin.

The first thing to note is that the share of Americans employed in one of the major metro areas in our sample* has stayed relatively constant since 1990, although there have been some interesting trends over the period: Read more

Where the US added jobs

We want to share a few highlights of the new state-level data on employment and unemployment from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Our first chart compares the growth rate in the number of workers by state against the US as a whole: Read more

Is a college degree more important than it used to be?

We recently had the chance to attend a fascinating presentation given by Erik Hurst at the Booth economic outlook in New York. He discussed the divergent employment outcomes of those with college educations compared to those without them, which featured a chart that looked something like this:

(Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, author’s calculations)

The implication is that the economy is booming for people with college degrees but hasn’t recovered at all for people who never got past high school. Read more

Canadian job market still outshining the US

On the surface, the latest Canadian jobs data are mildly disappointing: a slight reduction in the number of people working in December relative to November, which was more than offset by a decline in the labour force. Yet a deeper dive into the numbers — and a willingness to ignore the month-to-month changes in favour of the (slightly) less volatile annual changes — shows solid growth in the number of people working, with more than all of 2014’s job gains coming from full-time positions.

Moreover, despite a higher headline unemployment rate, the share of Canadians with a job remains significantly higher than in its southern neighbour, while the gap between the current employment rate and the pre-crisis norm is still much smaller. Read more

Canada’s September comeback?

Last month, we wondered whether Canada’s anemic job growth, which was mostly being driven by the growth of the part-time labour force, was a cause for worry. While the latest data more than offset August’s remarkable drop in private-sector employment and ease some concerns about the rise of part-timers, they do not change the overall picture. Employment growth has been sluggish, particularly compared to the US.

A few highlights from the latest data: Read more

FOMC vs the cruel, cruel summer

This morning’s Personal Income & Outlays report revealed the third consecutive monthly decline in core and headline PCE PI inflation (though August), both now just below 1.5 per cent:

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David Autor’s guide to labour and the machine

David Autor chooses a surprising quote for the start of his latest paper on automation and jobs:

In 1966, the philosopher Michael Polanyi observed, “We can know more than we can tell… The skill of a driver cannot be replaced by a thorough schooling in the theory of the motorcar; the knowledge I have of my own body differs altogether from the knowledge of its physiology.” Polanyi’s observation largely predates the computer era, but the paradox he identified—that our tacit knowledge of how the world works often exceeds our explicit understanding—foretells much of the history of computerization over the past five decades.

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Jobs of the future and the gender-norm challenge

Women hold about 60 per cent of the total jobs in the thirty occupations projected by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics to have the most net job growth in the decade through 2022.

That figure was calculated* recently by the National Women’s Law Center, which adds that eighteen of those thirty occupations are “female dominated, with workforces that are 60 per cent or more female”. Read more

Okay, we get it, BIS: fiscal policy is not your thing

The Bank for International Settlements says there’s a problem. Governments, by and large, haven’t done enough to address the issues that have emerged during/since the financial crisis. Some monetary policymakers have done rather a lot, but much of it is in unchartered territory and carries risks. So, says BIS, monetary policymakers should just stop it henceforth.

From the latest BIS annual report: Read more

Charts du jour, labour force participation kill the old edition

Self-explanatory, and they come via RBC Capital Markets:

Productivity, “reindustrialisation” and the US profit share

US industrial production has grown at least twice as fast as GDP since the start of the recovery.

Onshoring” work because wage differentials are narrowing plus falling electricity prices because of shale gas = more growth, so… great! Maybe? Read more