Posts tagged 'India'

Bank account fiddling as cultural bridge

What does this remind you of?

And by “this” we mean the sudden appearance of millions of Indian bank accounts which only boast balances of one-rupee each.

Any confusion as to why that would happen might be tempered by knowing that those accounts were opened as part of a massive financial inclusion plan undertaken by Modi’s government for which non-operational accounts weren’t a good look… and they were mostly opened at state owned banks.

Incentives are fun. Read more

The RBI wants to disintermediate you!

The Reserve Bank of India announced some fun stuff last night, which you can read about here and here.

The short story is that the central bank (with shiny new governor about to take control) seem to be trying to push large corporate borrowers away from banks — for lots of occasionally crony capitalist reasons — and towards a growing corporate bond market. Read more

Continuity at the RBI

You know, we may be wrong, but there seems to be a consensus building around the appointment of Urjit Patel to replace (the potentially ousted) Raghuram Rajan at the head of the Reserve Bank of India in September…

See if you can spot it.

Spoiler: it’s in bold. Read more

Of elections and inflation in India

Here’s something to consider while we wait (and wait) for India to announce who is going to replace the outgoing, inflation fighting, Raghuram Rajan at the Reserve Bank.

And perhaps something for whoever does that replacing (in September) to keep in mind too, particularly if he or she is met at their desk by a clamour for rate cuts. Read more

The dog ate my account books, Kingfisher edition

Presented without comment, via Mint:

The investigation into an alleged fraud at the now defunct Kingfisher Airlines Ltd has run into an unlikely hurdle: the airline’s books of accounts have vanished.

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Your shorter (but more detailed) Rajan replacement cheat sheet

We promised we’d only return to this when we had a bit more clarity about who might step into Raghuram Rajan’s shoes at the RBI when he leaves in September.

Well, does this from the Times of India yesterday count?

NEW DELHI: The government has narrowed its long list of candidates for the next Reserve Bank of India governor to just four.

The four short-listed candidates are: Reserve Bank of India deputy governor Urjit Patel, former deputy governors Rakesh Mohan and Subir Gokarn and State Bank of India chief Arundhati Bhattacharya.

Yes. At the least, it’s three less names to deal with than we had last time.  Read more

Your Raghuram Rajan potential successor cheat sheet

Courtesy of Nomura’s Sonal Varma:

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The Monday morning after the RBI governor before [updated]

It has been a difficult Monday morning for India’s bankers, economists and analysts. Not only has the Rajan-era come to an unexpected close but the monsoon has thumped into the country. Now, where once certainty and clean pants existed, a world of confusion and splashed trouser legs sits soddenly.

The usual notes are coming through into our inbox too, most expressing said confusion and near-term worry, even though markets are shrugging a bit so far. Here’s a one month view of the INR and the Sensex: Read more

Discrepancies and Indian GDP data

Good news once again!

“India’s economic growth accelerated to 7.9 per cent in the first quarter, widening its lead over China and confirming the country’s status as the world’s fastest expanding large economy and the most dynamic emerging market.”

Well, qualified, confusing good news, as Goldman note with our emphasis:

Data from the expenditure side shows that the improvement in GDP growth in Q1 was largely driven by higher private consumption and relatively lower drag from net exports. Fixed investment declined for the first time since March 2014. However, a significant fraction of headline GDP growth is unexplained as ‘discrepancies ‘ amount to 4ppt of GDP vs 2.1ppt in the previous quarter (the discrepancy is the difference with the industry GDP data, which are used as the control).

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The intended (and unintended) consequences of India’s crackdown on black money

Before we begin, how about a very, very quick quiz?

Question: What percentage of Indians paid income tax in the 2013 fiscal year? Read more

So you want to map India?

Well things just got (more) interesting.

This is only a draft bill — to “regulate the acquisition, dissemination, publication and distribution of geospatial information of India which is likely to affect the security, sovereignty and integrity of India” — and it’s mostly aimed at licensing internet companies like Google, but check out this bit:

15. Penalty for wrong depiction of map of India etc.-Whoever depicts, disseminates, publishes or distributes any wrong or false topographic information of India including international boundaries in contravention of section 6, shall be punished with a fine ranging from Rupees ten lac to Rupees one hundred crore and/or imprisonment for a period up to seven years.

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Imagining life/ the RBI after Raghuram Rajan

Once you’ve had a luddite at the Reserve Bank of India it’s hard to go back…

Amongst other things Rajan stabilised the rupee, brought inflation under some sort of control (with some outside help) which has allowed him to cut rates, overseen institutional changes at the RBI, has started to get a grip on India’s problem loans, and was a big part of convincing Delhi to crack down on willful defaulters and others who used to have avenues of political appeal when their loans were being questioned.

He also managed to thoroughly woo much of Mumbai’s financial community while doing so.

And now he might be off. As in, when his current term ends. Read more

To protest anti-smoking measures, Indian cigarette companies are… shutting their factories?

It’s an unorthodox move.

It all stems from that fact that India (following the WHO) wants to increase the size of the pictorial warnings on cigarette packets to 85 per cent from a current 20 per cent.

The cigarette companies do not want that to happen, obviously. But it is happening — admittedly in a somewhat confusing fashion — and said companies have noped out of manufacturing anymore cigarettes until, well, hmmm. That’s the tricky bit.

Here’s ITC, the largest cigarette manufacturer by far in India and one which is part owned by British American Tobacco: Read more

Indian gurus want your market share

Patanjali Ayurved ” is disrupting India’s consumer space” according to my inbox.

Patanjali Ayurved is also an ayurvedic health foods and medicine brand that’s fronted by India’s Swami “Baba” Ramdev. He’s a yogi who says that he has no economic stake in what he also says is not a profit-oriented company.

From the FT last week:

Instead, he says, it is part of a mission to boost India’s economic self-reliance, akin to Mahatma Gandhi’s appeals for Indians to renounce foreign wares during the anti-colonial struggle.

“This is not a business,” the yoga guru says, as the heavily armed government commandos serving as his bodyguards look on.

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India, in search of a suitable bond yield

Competitive federalism in India has had some weird effects. For one it has led to slogans like this becoming apparently acceptable:

Happening Haryana? Really? Not that the drive to get India’s states to compete with each other to attract business is a bad thing and not that Haryana isn’t a nice place but, again, “Happening Haryana”? We’d like to see what focus group got that one over the line. Read more

Paying off the King of Good Times

Who could have seen this coming? From the FT’s Amy Kazmin:

Diageo, the world’s largest spirits company, has agreed to pay $75m to Vijay Mallya to step down as chairman of United Spirits, the Indian drinks business he sold to Diageo in 2012.

Diageo, which paid roughly £1.8bn for a 55 per cent stake in United Spirits, has been locked in a bitter boardroom stand-off with Mr Mallya, the former controlling shareholder, since April, when he refused a request from United Spirits’ board to resign.

It’s not like a clash of cultures between ‘wilful defaulting’, high flying, risqué calendar pioneering, Enrique Iglesias loving, Mallya and the ironically sober Diageo was pretty obvious to anyone who even glanced at the situation now was it?  Read more

When accounting tricks meet Indian public sector bank recaps

India’s more than two dozen state-backed banks (aka PSUs) that make up 65-70 per cent of the overall banking system are still struggling, weighed down by a mountain of bad loans. A mountain of bad loans that they have very probably failed to fully recognise.

The Indian government really wants to help, because fixing that problem would help India’s growth rate, but it’s hamstrung by — amongst other things — awkward fiscal math.

What to do?

Well, put the recap below the line, obviously. Read more

You are here, an EM pain roadmap

Do click to enlarge, any complaints to UBS, where credit also resides:

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On unicorn imperialism

It may have been a slip of the keyboard, but Marc Andreessen’s pro-colonialism Tweet on Wednesday (later retracted) arguably told us more about the mindset of Silicon Valley insiders than anything ever uttered at a TechCrunch disruptor conference.

Nor should it strike any of us as surprising. The parallels between unicorn imperialist ambition and the British Empire run deep. (And no, we won’t dwell on the shared fondness for unicorn insignia.)

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Quoth the Zoman: Revenue

The co-founding Zoman* — Deepinder Goyal, that is — took time for a chat with us last week about the change going on in India’s start-up world, a change that has involved hyperbole by many and an utterance of mea culpa by a few. Online food portal Zomato is included in the latter category. Read more

India’s Sensex, now pre-Modi

This is more art than science but we’re going to mark it anyway.

That’s India’s benchmark Sensex index closing below 24,ooo points – at 23,962.21 to be exact — its lowest close since May 15, 2014 according to Reuters.

Funnily enough, May 16 was when one Narendra Modi got his first official nod to go sit on India’s most ministerial seat. The Sensex closed that day at 24,121.74. Read more

Facebook slapped down by Indian regulator over astroturf campaign

We previously wrote about Facebook’s battle with Indian regulators over its “Free Basics” product, which is a stripped down version of the internet designed to ensure Facebook’s global dominance help bring the world’s poor online.

Trai, the Indian telecoms regulator, had launched a consultation in December about differential pricing for data services: effectively whether or not it’s ok to let telecoms companies charge different amounts for different parts of the internet. Readers in the US and Europe may know this debate by the term “net neutrality”. Read more

Zuckerberg’s hypocritical war on net neutrality in India

There’s an old notion that companies exist for one purpose above all else: to make money for their shareholders. It seems to be an uncool idea in Silicon Valley, where startups like to style themselves as charitably-minded enterprises that are simply trying to make everyone’s lives better and more “connected” or some other buzzword.

Which one is Facebook?

Look no further than this opinion piece Mark Zuckerberg wrote for the Times of India just after Christmas. He accuses his Indian critics of lying about “Free Basics”, the emaciated version of the internet that Zuckerberg has been pushing since 2013 to ensure that his social network is the first thing people in emerging markets see when they come online: Read more

Spot the understatement, Indian politics edition

India is a large place. It is made up of many states. Moving goods between those states is a freaking nightmare.

That’s where the loooong awaited GST — India’s promised goods and services tax, which has been debated for ten years — comes in. The idea is to unify all indirect taxes in India, simplifying the system and lubricating domestic trade. Estimates of the boost to GDP a GST could bring differ (more on that at the bottom) but there is little doubt it would be of benefit, even if you restrain yourself to just discussing its impact on the blood pressure of lawyers and anyone moving goods across state borders.

But it just keeps on not getting introduced.

Here’s Cap Econ’s Shilan Shah on why: Read more

India’s very own, updated, Li Keqiang Index

Want to know a big difference between Chinese and Indian GDP stats?

Well, we don’t think many Indian officials would say things like this, via China Daily:

Several local officials in China’s Northeast region sought to explain dramatic economic drops in their areas by admitting they had faked economic data in the past few years to show highgrowth when the real numbers were much lower, Xinhua News Agency reported on Friday.

“If the past data had not been inflated, the current growth figures would not show such a precipitous fall,” one official was quoted as saying.

The report cited several officials in the region who acknowledged they had significantlyoverstated data ranging from fiscal revenue and household income to GDP.

Irony thy name is fudged Chinese data.

And it’s not, we hasten to add, that Indian GDP stats don’t have their own problems — they do — it’s just that the lack of really strong centre out (and back in) incentives make us think the problem isn’t systemic so much as statistical. Read more

India’s confusingly speedy economy and very own deflator problem



Sorry. Got carried away by charts like this one from BofAML:

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No, very kind offer, but we think we’ll keep our gold for now. Yours, India

Compare, contrast and then draw your own conclusions about India’s newly born Gold Deposit scheme, its plan to lure gold out of temples, vaults and jewellery boxes with the promise of (hopefully but not apparently yet) lovely enough interest rates.

First… from Reuters last last week on its rather stuttering start:

A gold deposit scheme launched amid fanfare by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi two weeks ago has so far attracted only 400 grammes, an industry official said on Thursday, out of a national hoard estimated at 20,000 tonnes…

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Ever wondered what a strike by 17,000 Indian central bank employees looks like?

The scene, as we went to pixel, outside the Reserve Bank of India in Mumbai — from where Rajan stares across the city — on the day 17,000 of its staff decided to up sticks in protest about interference from India’s government in its workings and, one suspects more pressingly, pensions:

Observe the… absolutely nothing unusual happening. Read more

The double Mauritius

While reading up on Indian FDI we stumbled across this little fact from Capital Econ’s Shilan Shah as he attempted to downplay seemingly impressive India-Africa FDI stats…

With our emphasis

Prime Minister Modi stated that “India has emerged as a major investor from the developing world in Africa… surpassing even China”. In a strict sense this is true. According to UNCTAD, India’s total stock of FDI in Africa stood at US$50bn in 2014, compared to China’s stock of US$26bn.

But digging a little deeper, this claim quickly unravels. Nearly 95% of Indian FDI to Africa flows into just one economy – Mauritius. Admittedly, Mauritius does have a significant Indian diaspora and once had a large textiles industry. But in reality, the nature of the FDI inflows has more to do with the favourable tax terms that investors receive through the two countries’ Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement.

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Gold, gold everywhere, not any drop to drink

UBS looks at the fundamentals of India’s new gold monetisation schemes on Thursday and in the process comes up with one of the best summations we’ve ever seen on why gold investing in and of itself is stoopid — especially when done en masse by a relatively poor economy.

Indians directly or indirectly hold an estimated 22,000 tonnes of gold worth USD 800bn or 39% of Indian GDP (banking system credit is c50% of GDP). Gold thus held is problematic to some because unlike most capital goods it derives its expected value not from its ability to produce (directly or indirectly) goods or services that will meet the material demands of consumers. Instead it derives its value from investors’ collective perception of what it is worth.

Indeed. Read more