Posts tagged 'European Banks'

BES — the resolution

Click for the Bank of Portugal’s announcement of the resolution of Banco Espirito Santo: Read more

A CoCo Cyprus bank trade

Easy to forget now that the crisis-spotters have moved on to EM from the eurozone… but we’re almost coming to the first anniversary of the Cypriot bank depositor bail-in.

Of course, that time has sure flown by. The Bundesbank isn’t even shy about proposing wealth taxes in similar crises any more. But it’s also worth thinking about, given that recapitalisation (and thus, risk in different parts of a bank’s capital structure) is still very much a theme in European bank investing.

Plus, though ordinary Cypriots are still angry about the implosion of the country’s two biggest banks, in that last year or so the country’s economy has probably contracted by less than the double-digit decline expect. Exchange controls and the deposit freeze at Bank of Cyprus have also been (very gradually) lifted over time.

Which is why it’s interesting to look at a trade recently in a Cypriot bank which didn’t see investors get bailed in: Hellenic Bank. Read more

Stress-testing European banks, 2014: now with “additional national sensitivities”

…. are being answered. The European Banking Authority has graced us with the “key features of the 2014 EU-wide Stress Test”. You can find them here and the FAQ hereRead more

In the loop

A useful chart from Citi on Thursday morning (which you may click to enlarge), on the recent rise in bank holdings of sovereign debt. Read more

SpooOOOooky European bank capital relief

That’s because it’s ghostly and hard to spot. (And it is All Hallows’ Eve.)

First it was the buried announcement that Irish banks with government share ownership are about to get Spanish-style flexibility on deferred tax assets… (though not nearly as far as the Spanish proposal for tax-credit conversion) H/T Lorcan

Next it was Bank of Ireland’s stock rising by more than 4 per cent in Dublin late on Thursday. Read more

The year of assessing comprehensively

Click for the ECB’s official introduction to its year-long “supervisory risk assessment… asset quality review and a stress test” for 124 European banks (who are all listed)…

The capital ratios to be used have already been leaked, but here it is in full from Wednesday’s note — it seems there’s a significant wriggle: Read more

Europe’s not so secret liquidity. Not any more.

FT Alphaville began writing in detail about emergency liquidity assistance in the eurozone — that is, national central banks lending to stricken, but supposedly solvent banks on highly secretive terms, against collateral not accepted at the ECB — some two and a half years ago.

Throughout that period, the ECB’s precise oversight of this liquidity assistance remained in the dark. Despite the risk being taken by taxpayers, and despite the fact ELA effectively stopped the Greek, Irish and Cypriot banking systems from going under at various points. And despite procedures having been in place since 1999 for the ECB to restrict ELA by a national central bank if it endangers the rules of the euro (as used in Cyprus). Read more

The intrinsic (intractable?) bank bid for sovereign debt

There are a few ways to greet the news that eurozone banks are more exposed to their sovereigns than ever. One’s to note that this just means more human shields to deal with (somehow) in a restructuring… Read more

Computing the bill for European taxpayers, come the next crisis

Pity the French…

 Read more

Stress you next year

This is one way to respond to the mess Euroland is in over who should make the calls for recapitalising banks…

The European Banking Authority is delaying its next banking stress test to 2014, to wait for both new asset-quality reviews and the ECB’s Single Supervisory Mechanism (so is it to wait for Wolfgang Schaeuble?): Read more

What price, uninsured depositor risk?

There’s been some thought-provoking revisionism floating around about Cyprus lately.

The gist seems to be this: Why not push bank bail-in policy in the eurozone much harder, right into uninsured depositors if need be, if Cyprus has not (yet?) budged most gauges of bank funding from their current calm. And more importantly, when there is a vicious circle to resolve. Read more

LTRO flowed

That’s a very small €3.7bn take up by banks participating in the European Central Bank’s three-month Long Term Refinancing Operation on Wednesday. We’d expected more. Read more

LTRO flow

From the ECB on Friday:

As announced by the Governing Council on 8 December 2011, counterparties have the option to repay, after one year, any part of the amounts that they were allotted in the longer-term refinancing operations settled on 21 December 2011 and 1 March 2012, on any main refinancing operation settlement day. Accordingly, on 30 January 2013 EUR 137159.10 million will be repaid in the tender 20110149 by 278 counterparties.

 Read more

The great European bank heist reversal

LTRO repayment chat is speeding up the closer we get to the fateful day at the end of January when Euro-banks might actually start sending back once cheap cash to the central bank. How much will be repaid, by whom and when are the questions that need to be answered.

Thing is, it seems that by at least one measure, the market is mispricing the amount of cash that’ll flow back to the European Central Bank. And maybe ignoring the ECB’s motives in this whole debate. Read more

European bank debt is attractive again (but not *that* attractive)

Things have gotten so good recently for European banks that the idea of them repaying their LTRO cash early is getting more attention as the first date at which they can do so — January 2013 — creeps up. And there’s certainly more bank debt being issued, even by the peripherals:

Peripheral bank debt issuance since January 2012 - FT/Datastream/Thomson Reuters Read more

European banks: same, same, and eventually different

Nothing like systemic risk to bring the banks together. The crisis at times left little between them. Eventually though, the market will start to differentiate more. As Huw van Steenis and his colleagues at Morgan Stanley put it in a recent note Read more

European bank deleveraging: Basel III edition

What happened with all that European bank deleveraging?

Some of it is over with, says Barclays — leaving, by our estimates of their estimates, about €650bn* of deleveraging yet to be carried out among the major European banks they cover**. Quite big, but much less than the €1.5tn – €2.5tn being discussed late last year. Read more

Sovereign risk-weighting, face-off du jour

Basel catches European bank capital legislation letting big cross-border lenders play a bit too fast and loose with zero risk-weighting of government bonds for its taste, the FT says.

Well, here’s the key para… Read more

ECB collateral shift du jour

It relates to government-guaranteed bank bonds. In plain English — this appears to be tightening banks’ future use of them as collateral but with exceptions for some banks.

From Tuesday’s decisionRead more

The Moody’s bank downgrades

New York, June 21, 2012 — Moody’s Investors Service today repositioned the ratings of 15 banks and securities firms with global capital markets operations. The long-term senior debt ratings of 4 of these firms were downgraded by 1 notch, the ratings of 10 firms were downgraded by 2 notches and 1 firm was downgraded by 3 notches. In addition, for four firms, the short-term ratings of their operating companies were downgraded to Prime-2. All four of those firms also now have holding company short-term ratings at Prime-2. The holding company short-term ratings of another two firms were downgraded to Prime-2 as well.

Morgan Stanley was downgraded by two notches rather than the three which were possible. Nine other banks also lost two notches. Moody’s did downgrade Credit Suisse three notches though. The full list… Read more

‘Bye Bye Basel?’, seen in the RWAs

Portrait of a bank capital-counting model in trouble – charts via Barclays Capital:

 Read more

French banks say adieu to Asia

Many banks in the eurozone have a significant international presence. The diversification is a positive if the home market is suffering disproportionately. That being the case, perhaps one could expect further investment in less sickly markets abroad?

Maybe. Read more

May Day bank margins

Charts via Nomura’s European bank analyst, Jon Peace:

 Read more

Three European equities trends to watch

Fund managers have been shunning European bank and retail stocks for quite some time now, but there are signs that things are beginning to change. At least that’s what the global equity strategy team at HSBC found when they looked at the latest (March 2012) data on international fund holdings. Three European trends stood out.

Amazingly, European banks are coming back into favour. Well… more like slightly less out of favour (emphasis ours): Read more

De-euroisation chartpalooza

In the recent years, the financial crisis has led to a marked deterioration in European financial integration…

You might say that’s a statement of the obvious from the ECB’s latest report on financial integration in the eurozone. Read more

IMF to ECB: see you after the easing

The ECB has some room to further lower the policy rate, given that inflation is projected to fall appreciably below the ECB’s “close to but below” 2 percent inflation target over the medium term and that risks of second-round effects from high oil prices or tax and administrative price hikes appear small––WEO projections see headline consumer price index inflation falling to about 1½ percent by 2013, below the ECB’s target. Low levels of domestic inflation can hinder much-needed improvement in debtors’ balance sheets and stand in the way of much-needed adjustments in competitiveness. The ECB’s unconventional policies need to continue to ensure orderly conditions in funding markets and thereby facilitate the pass-through of monetary policy to the real economy.

Plus: “The Bank of England can further ease its monetary policy stance,” according to the Fund. Read more

LTRO facts du jour

The average maturity of a euro of liquidity provided by the ECB on December 1 was 46 days. Today [March 5] it is 942 days, an increase of 20 times

– Lorcan Roche Kelly of TrendMacro, on the ‘time quality’ of €1.1tn LTRO funding Read more

Banks funnel LTRO cash to peripheral subsidiaries

Banks including Barclays, Lloyds and Credit Agricole will use funds they borrowed from the ECB’s three-year liquidity operation to prop up subsidiaries in the economies of the eurozone periphery, the WSJ reports. Barclays’ Spanish and Portuguese units tapped funding in the February LTRO, while Credit Agricole partly borrowed through its Greek offshoot. In getting subsidiaries to fund from the ECB in this way, parent banks will be able to limit exposure to the units if the local economies falter, or even leave the euro altogether. Meanwhile, there are fears that banks will use LTRO cash to redeem so much bank debt in the next year that corporate debt markets could sharply contract, says the FT.

Big banks to EBA: just about done here?

Yeah, we knew the LTRO-inspired rally would make it easier for European banks to start closing the gap between their capital ratios and those required by the EBA – or at the very least, as in the case of Commerzbank, embolden them to announce big plans for doing so.

The EBA — remember all that tough talk last October about monitoring banks closely to make sure the recap was asset sales-light and capital raise-heavy? — is amusingly eager to disavow credit for any recent improvements. Just banks doing their thing, especially if by “their thing” one means “breathing easier now that they’re allowed to pledge dirty skivvies to fund themselves, and shareholders are off their backs for the moment”.  Whatevs. Read more

European banks tap €530bn in ECB loans

Eight hundred European banks borrowed €529.5bn in three-year liquidity from the European Central Bank in the last LTRO, the FT reports. More than half of the banks tapping funds came from Germany, according to people familiar with the auction. But Italian lenders also took down €130bn of funds in return for collateral, with Spanish borrowing also likely to be heavy, Reuters says. FT Alphaville has a list of individual lenders who revealed their involvement, and the amount borrowed. The ECB is apt to watch for whether the funds are used to lend to the real economy or to refinance bank debts.