Behold the current market liquidity debate as heard at a leveraged loan conference panel in New York today and illustrated with stick figures.* The debate rages outside the confines of the loan industry in the pages of Fortune, Euromoney and yes, the FT. Read more
Here is a cartoon of a GPS unit, represented by a robot, repossessing a car bought on credit by a McDonald’s employee on minimum wage. The robot is repossessing the car, using new technology, to pay off some greedy bankers who have been bundling subprime auto loans into subprime auto asset-backed securities and then selling them to equally greedy investors.
Are you outraged yet?
No? Then stay with us.
Close your eyes, lay back and imagine yourself as a regulator at the US Securities and Exchange Commission (do we have to? -ed). Read more
Hey did you hear the Fed finalised its liquidity coverage ratio rules for large US banks?
Yep, you can read the announcement here. Read more
Are you a hedge fund with a prime broker who happens to be a large bank?
Are you worried that said prime broker will no longer be able to make a lot of money from doing business with you, because of new banking regulation such as the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR), the net stable funding ratio (NSFR) or various types of leverage ratios?
Well, then JPMorgan Chase has some advice for you! Read more
Last year the Federal Reserve and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency issued new leveraged lending guidance designed to discourage big banks from underwriting risky new loans. Off the menu were loans with more than six times leverage, or that exhibited certain signs of weak underwriting or covenants. Since then, the regulators have double-down on the guidance — warning banks they should hardly ever do loans that are unlikely to pass muster.
So, more than a year later, it’s worth asking whether the guidance has had any effect. Read more
Gather round nerds, and hear the tale of Deutsche Bank’s mysterious new CoCo bonds.
It’s a tale that involves an €8bn capital raising anchored by the Qataris, some German accounting standards and one terrible cereal-based pun. Read more
Paging Bruno Iksil.
It’s well known that JPMorgan lost $6bn in its ill-fated “London Whale” investment. What is less known is that shortly before the bank’s unwieldy multi-legged play on corporate credit ballooned to unsustainable proportions, the positions taken on by JPMorgan produced almost half a billion dollars worth of profits thanks to the bankruptcy of a single company — American Airlines. In fact, one could easily make the case (as the US Senate did) that the easy money reaped by JPMorgan from the AMR filing helped catalyse the CIO’s doomed love-affair with low-cost default protection. Read more
After the deluge comes … erm … the deluge.
Commercial Mortgage Alert reports that 37 shops are now in the business of actively originating commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS). That’s up from 27 such CMBS “conduits” in existence a year ago, and just shy of a peak of 38 originators tallied in 2007 and 2008. That’s pretty impressive work for a market that all but collapsed after the crisis. Read more
Claudius was a Roman emperor from AD 41 to 54.
Claudius notes are Tier 1 instruments that were issued by Credit Suisse back in 2010 and which feature a call date that first comes into effect in December 2015. Except, as bank bond investors have experienced from time to time, the issuers of such securities have an unnerving tendency to sometimes behave unexpectedly. Credit Suisse made some noise when it released earnings last week that it may call the Claudius bonds thanks to something known as a “regulatory par call.” Read more
This occasional Alphaville contributor just got back from a prolonged reporting stint in Las Vegas.
On the agenda was not one but two securitisation conferences. Some readers may recall that the American Securitization Forum (ASF) has for many years hosted an annual gathering, most often in the pleasant confines of the Aria hotel in Las Vegas. This year, a bitter schism within the securitisation industry meant there were dueling conferences – one organised by the ASF and the other by the break-away Structured Finance Industry Group (SFIG). Read more
Much accounting intrigue in JPMorgan’s recently-released fourth-quarter results.
According to the bank, it incurred a $1.5bn hit to net revenue after “implementing a funding valuation adjustment.” Read more
Commercial paper has a long and varied history.
Initially a form of promissory notes sold by companies, the short-term debt became (in)famous after banks co-opted the stuff in the run-up to the financial crisis — selling hundreds of billions of dollars worth of the paper as a way of raising cheap short-term financing. Buyers of the bank-issued paper got nervous during the crisis, and financial institutions soon found themselves unable to roll over the short-term financing, exacerbating the general freezing of markets. Read more
“We haven’t forgotten who keeps us in business,” reads the slogan on the website of Zions Bancorp, Utah’s biggest bank. Read more
Euromoney reports on Wednesday that Citigroup is attempting to revive “leveraged super seniors,” a type of synthetic CDO not seen seen the financial crisis. We take a (no doubt unhealthy) interest in all things LSS, given our previous experience helping out on this series of Financial Times stories. The stories involved three former Deutsche Bank staff who blew the whistle on the way the German bank was allegedly valuing so-called “gap risk” on $130bn worth of LSS of trades. Read more
Alternate title – Did Goldman Sachs lose $1.3bn in currency trades in the third quarter, or not? Read more
And enjoy sub-par returns for the next 12 months.
No, this is not FT Alphaville’s marketing department shooting itself in the foot. This is the conclusion of a recent paper examining the effect of advertising on hedge funds’ inflows and returns. Read more
Midnight Madness, that Goldman Sachs-led all-night lavish scavenger hunt/puzzle-solving competition/performance art so wonderfully described by Quartz earlier this year, is back and expanding. This year the charitable event will include Citigroup, Credit Suisse, BlueMountain, and Secor Asset Management all fielding teams to compete against Goldman.
Below you can see the pitchbook that was sent to potential participants (in typical banking style) earlier this year: Read more
There’s an oft-quoted number in the debate raging over liquidity in the bond market.*
It is, depending on the week, 75-78 per cent — the amount by which dealer banks’ inventories of corporate bonds are said to have declined since their peak of $235bn in 2007, according to Federal Reserve data. Read more
They are billed as a quick and easy way for investors to gain access to higher-yielding assets while still providing some protection if interest rates start to rise. They are ETFs which track portfolios of (floating-rate) bank loans.
And they are on fire. Read more
How much would you pay to make Goldman Sachs feel slightly uncomfortable?
The City of Oakland, California plans to dish out $226,378. Read more
That’s a SEC filing for the Winklevoss twins’ brand-new Bitcoin exchange-traded fund. For realz. Read more
The world is becoming intimately acquainted with the technical ins-and-outs of the Bloomberg LP empire.
There is Bloomberg’s bread-and-butter business of selling sophisticated data terminals to thousands of banking, hedge fund and regulatory authorities around the world. There is also the well-respected news wire run by Matt Winkler. Read more
Here’s a moderately informative activity for a Friday afternoon.
Log on to your Bloomberg terminal. Type UUID <GO> Read more
Eurobank recently lowered the over-collateralisation (OC) of its second covered bond programme to the bare minimum allowed by Greece’s covered bond law. Avid covered bond-watchers (there must be a handful of you out there) will know of course, that specially designed legal frameworks are one of the big perks of the covered bond structure – along with juicy benefits like an overstuffing of assets and the dual recourse nature of the centuries-old debt instruments. Read more